Climate Change


Sustainable economic and social development of Uganda largely depends on exploitation of its environmental and natural resources, including climate. However, the increasing degradation of these resources coupled with increasing climate variability and climate change is beginning to have a serious negative impact on Uganda’s social and economic development and the livelihoods of millions of its people.  Indeed the degradation is threatening Uganda’s attainment of development targets including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).  


Past experience in Uganda shows that El Nino and Lanina episodes are the principal causes of the most severe climate change related disasters in Uganda.

Climate change models for Uganda point to an increase in temperature in the range of 0.7oC to 1.5oC by 2020 and predict a likely increase in the variability of rainfall with most areas probably getting higher rainfall.


These changes will have impact on agricultural production and food security. This will have a significant effect on employment levels particularly in the agriculture sector where over 70 per cent of the country’s population is engaged. Other predicted impacts will be on the life span and durability of infrastructure, and hydro power production. Although the predicted climate change is not as damaging and extreme as in many countries, Uganda is judged to be amongst the most vulnerable and least climate resilient due to poverty and low income diversity.


Uganda is a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC, adopted in 1993) and the Kyoto Protocol (KP) that came into force in February 2006. It obliges Uganda to put in place appropriate mitigation and adaptation measures to address the cause and effects of climate change as well as undertake education and awareness programmes. These Treaties have been ratified but not yet domesticated. Several studies undertaken by the Climate Change Unit in the Ministry of Water and Environment on the overall policy environment in Uganda for climate change have also shown that most of the relevant sector policies have not integrated climate change. 


In 2007, a National Adaptation Plan of Action (NAPA) was launched with support from the Global Environment Fund (GEF) which presents a list of 9 priority projects with a cost of approximately USD 40 million. Limited progress has been made in implementing the NAPA due to lack of funds, and inadequate capacity to prepare detailed proposals and mobilize funding.  


Agency for People Owned Processes will reinforce the performance of the climate change sector given its resident expertise, adequate conceptualization of the importance of weather and climate information, its advocacy ability to cause policy, legislation, regulation and guidelines for mainstreaming climate change into development plans at all levels and finally, the strategic use of awareness at all levels about the causes of climate change and/or climate variability as well as their devastating impacts to socioeconomic development plans and activities.