Bio-mass Energy




The contribution of forestry to national energy demands is mostly expressed through woody biomass use by households and institutions for heating purposes.  

In 1994, charcoal production utilized 6 million m3 of round wood. This increased to 11 million m3 in 2007  .  In addition, the national consumption of firewood was estimated at 32.8 million m3 of woody biomass energy annually.

Biomass Study (2003) indicates that 73 per cent of the districts in Uganda are experiencing a shortage of accessible woody biomass for fuel. On average, the distance travelled to collect firewood has increased from 0.73 km in 2000 to more than 1 km in 2007 (MWE 2007). In some districts like Kitgum, Nebbi, Gulu/Amuru, Nakasongola, Lira, Sironko and Adjumani, household members travel more than 4 km to collect firewood and this is done largely by women and children.  

In addition to its contribution to ecological and energy concerns, forestry also supports the economy through forestry-related commercial products and services. These include timber products, ecotourism, arts & crafts, bee products, herbal medicine and rattan-cane. There is very little information to indicate trends in these products and services. However, ecotourism which is based on forest biodiversity is becoming a market niche for Uganda. The timber harvested and moved by licensed pit-sawyers increased from 51,000m3 to 90,000m3 between FY 1997/08 to FY 2004/05 (NFA Records, 2006). Round wood harvest increased from 215,723m3 (2003) to 258,522 m3 (2007). Despite this performance, Uganda remains a net importer of forestry products, and the gap between these imports and exports has been widening. This has important implications for the forestry industry in Uganda.